Categories for Law Notes
The Constitution is the supreme law of a country, setting out the fundamental principles and rules that govern its citizens and institutions. It is a foundational document that provides for the division of powers among different branches of government and outlines the rights and freedoms of individuals. One of the key articles in most constitutions is the Article on Fundamental Rights, which guarantees civil liberties such as freedom of speech, religion, and association. Another important article often found in constitutions is the Article on Separation of Powers, which establishes distinct branches like executive, legislative, and judicial, preventing any one branch from accumulating too much power. Additionally, constitutions may also contain provisions about citizenship, elections, amendment processes, emergency powers, and more. Overall, a constitution plays an essential role in shaping a nation’s governance structure and protecting the rights of its citizens.
Contract law is important in business, regulating agreements between parties, whether written or verbal. There are various types of contracts, including express and implied contracts. Express contracts clearly outline terms, while implied contracts arise from actions. Bilateral contracts involve promises from both parties, while unilateral contracts involve one party’s promise in exchange for performance. Executory contracts involve unfulfilled obligations, while executed contracts have fulfilled obligations. Formal contracts have specific requirements, while informal contracts are based on verbal agreements.