Imperative Theory of Law

imperative theory of law

Introduction to Imperative Theory of Law: Hobbes, a philosopher of the 17th century, A.D., was the founder of the theory that man is by nature a selfish animal. He is not a social animal and finds nothing but grief in the company of his fellow human beings and lives in continual fear of danger and violent death. This state of

Damnum Sine Injuria

Damnum Sine Injuria

Meaning of Damnum Sine Injuria: The word ‘Damnum’ means ‘Damage’. The word ‘sine’ means ‘without’. The word ‘injuria’ means ‘violation of legal right’. Thus, Damnum sine lnjuria i.e. actual and substantial loss without infringement of legal right. Explanation: According to this maxim proof of damage however heavy would not be actionable as a Tort in the absence of proof of

Acceptance in Contract Law

Acceptance in contract law

In the formation of a contract, the essential requirement is that there should be a consensus between the contracting parties by means of proposal/offer and acceptance. There must be a definite proposal/offer by one party to the other and an unqualified acceptance by the other party. Here you will learn in detail acceptance in contract law. Relevant Provisions: Section 2(b),

Offer in Contract Law

offer in contract law

In the formation of a contract, the essential requirement is that there should be a consensus between the contracting parties by means of offer & acceptance. There must be a definite offer by one party to the other and an unqualified acceptance by the other party. Here you will know the offer in contract law in detail. Relevant Provisions: Sections

Fraud in Contract Law

Fraud in contract law

Fraud in Contract law is one of the factors that can cause the free consent for the agreement between two parties. Relevant Provision: Sections 17 and 19 of the Contract Act, 1872. Meaning of Fraud: Fraud means “a misrepresentation made recklessly by without belief in its truth to induce another person to act.”. Definition of Fraud: (i) “False statement or

Consent In Contract Law

Free Consent in contract law

Introduction to Consent: Section 10 of the Contract Act, of 1872 lays down the essentials of a valid agreement, where it says that for an agreement to be valid, it should have been caused by the free consent of the parties. Relevant Provisions: Sections 13, 14, 19, and 20 of the Contract Act, 1872. Meaning of Consent: Consent means; “Agreement,

Article 95: Vote of No Confidence Against Prime Minister

article 95 vote of no confidence against prime minister

The Prime Minister of Pakistan is the Head of the Government. The 1973 Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan provides the method of the removal of the Prime Minister in Article 95 part III, chapter III. Relevant Provisions: Article 95 of the 1973 Constitution provides for the removal of the Prime Minister. Removal of the Prime Minister Through Vote

Definition of Contract of Agency and Its Essentials

Contract of agency and its essentials

A contract of agency is a two-party relationship in which one person acts as a representative to the other in business dealing in order to create contractual relations between that other and a third person. An agency may be created to perform any act that the creator of the agency himself could lawfully do. Relevant Provisions: Section 182 to 187,