The Civil Procedure Code (C.P.C) of 1908 is a seminal legal document that governs the procedural aspect of civil litigation in India and Pakistan. It serves as a comprehensive framework, prescribing the rules and regulations to be followed by courts at various stages of a civil case. This code lays down guidelines not only for the initiation and conduct of proceedings but also encompasses provisions relating to jurisdiction, appeals, execution of decrees, and enforcement of orders.
The significance of the Civil Procedure Code lies in its meticulous detailing of the intricate mechanisms necessary to ensure fairness, efficiency, and uniformity in civil proceedings. Its provisions regulate fundamental aspects such as filing and service of pleadings, issuance and execution of summons, examination, and cross-examination of witnesses, production, and scrutiny of evidence, framing of issues for adjudication, pronouncement of judgments, and post-trial procedures like appeals and revisions.
By delineating this comprehensive framework for civil litigation, the Civil Procedure Code plays an indispensable role in maintaining orderliness within judicial processes. Moreover, it facilitates access to justice by providing clear guidelines for litigants, lawyers, judges, and court staff alike. As an essential piece of legislation deeply rooted in legal traditions while adapting to contemporary needs over time through periodic amendments and judicial interpretations, the Civil Procedure Code remains an influential pillar shaping civil justice administration in India and Pakistan.
Introduction to Decree: A decision given by a competent court of law has jurisdiction over a concerning matter or issue, which is either a decree or order, or judgment. A decree always follows the judgment, which is pronounced by the