Islamic Personal Law, also referred to as Shariah Law, encapsulates a comprehensive legal framework governing the personal and familial affairs of individuals adhering to the Islamic faith. Rooted in religious texts, Islamic Personal Law draws upon a complex amalgamation of scriptural principles, juristic interpretations, and societal customs to regulate various aspects of human existence, including marriage, divorce, inheritance, and guardianship. This distinctive legal system operates within the broader sphere of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) and is guided by the principles of equity, morality, justice, and adherence to divine commandments.
Islamic Personal Law serves as an embodiment of the Islamic worldview and represents a holistic approach towards organizing human relations within a faith-based context. It intertwines religious doctrine with legal norms to create a coherent structure that seeks to harmonize individual rights with communal obligations. Scholars proficient in Islamic law engage in ongoing discussions and debates concerning its interpretation and application in contemporary contexts. These deliberations involve exploring classical legal texts (such as the Quran and Hadith), examining historical precedents set by early Muslim communities, and adapting these teachings to address contemporary social realities while remaining faithful to core Islamic principles.
While different Muslim-majority countries have developed their own specific variations of Islamic Personal Law – often influenced by local traditions and cultural practices – it remains an important source of legislation for millions around the world. The application of this unique legal framework necessitates expert knowledge both in understanding its intricate theological underpinnings as well as navigating its practical implications
Dower(Mahr): Dower is inherent in the concept of Muslim marriages and it is an integral part of it as well. Dower is one of the conditions of validity of Marriage and an agreement to forgo it is not permitted because
Haraabah in Law: Haraabah is liable to Hadd is included in the Offences against Property (Enforcement of Hudood) Ordinance, 1979. It is the modification(change)of the existing laws against property to bring the commission(perpetration-(irtikab-e-juram)) of certain offences within the injunctions of
Zina in Law: Zina is an offence which is defined in the Offence of Zina (Enforcement of Hudood) Ordinance, 1979. It means fornication or adultery. It is a commission of sexual intercourse without being validly married to a man and
Will Definition and Parties in Will: There are many modes of transferring property from one person to another. These are non-testamentary like gift and sale and testamentary like will in which a person declares his wishes to transfer his property
The definition of Gift is that it is a transfer of property made immediately and without any exchange or consideration, by one person to another (Donor) and accepted by or on behalf of the later (Donee). Meaning of Gift: According
Muslim Marriage(Nikah): Muslim Marriage(Nikah) is the central institution around which the whole family life revolves. Marriage is a process or a way through which a male and female become legal to one another in sexual activities. The procedure of Marriage
As a plural of fai’l, af’aal means the doing of a man, in terms of heart, tongue and limbs. These acts may be classified into: 1). Natural acts (Hissi) Acts of mind (Qalbi) Physical acts (Af’aal) 2). Juristic acts (Shar’i).
Dissolution of Marriage: Dissolution of marriage takes place on any of the following grounds: – Related Post: Muslim Marriage Apostasy: It is the renunciation of religious faith when a Muslim renounces his faith it is called apostasy ( Ridd). The